Takhaet’s Bakery: The House of Bread

Smell the life-sustaining scent. No meal is complete without bread!

Note: This is for Panhistoria, a roleplay. Due to the current pestilence, I've included some ancient Egyptian "health" ideas!

Plain Bread —- Savory Bread —- Filled —- Sweet Cakes, Bread, Pastries —- Everyday Shaped Bread —- Sweet Filled --- Festively Shaped Bread for a Costume Party!

Plain Bread

Chickpea flour
Coarsely cracked grain
Durah, a kind of millet
Emmer wheat, conical loaves
Whole grain

Savory Bread

Coriander seed flavored
Garlic -- good for vitality! New!
Nutty Garlic - with toasted nuts, salt and garlic New!
Onion - good for sciatica New!
Sesame seed - good for asthma New!


Thick loaf with filled center of beans or vegetables
Raised edges to hold eggs, etc.

Everyday Shaped Bread

Round loaves and ovals

Non-Bread Goods

Stewed grain gruel
Baked groats

Equipment Used

On a griddle
From a conical stove

Sweet Cakes, Bread, Pastries

Anise-flavored cakes
Date cakes and loaves
Date honey cakes - mashed dates with goat’s milk, butter, and honey New!
Dough balls - fried in oil, rolled in cinnamon or honey New!
Fig cakes and conical loaves
Grape pastries - emmer wheat and grape juice, formed into spirals New!
Honey cakes - a favorite - honey is an antibiotic, and during this season, we're adding extra honey!
Licorice cakes - good for chest and respiratory problems New!
Sweet pastries, various
Sweet wine cakes
Tiger nut (chuffa) and honey cakes - Tiger nuts are tubers. Shaped as a cone.
Tiger nut balls - chopped tiger nuts, dates, honey and spices, formed into small balls and fried in oil. New!

Sweet Filled

Date-paste filled pastry (if you have fig-paste, ya gotta have date-paste) New!
Fig-paste filled pastry New!
Folded pie - wheat flour fried in oil and filled with fruit, honey, and nuts New!

Festively Shaped Bread for a Costume Party!

Your choice of the bread in shapes associated with Osiris:

Bennu bird. As a bennu bird, Osiris led spirits through underworld dangers.

Djed (by New Kingdom) - either a pillar from a tamarisk tree, or Osiris' backbone

Mummified god on throne wearing atef crown, dyed green

Atef crown - Tall Hedjet crown of Upper Egypt with curly red ostrich feathers on either side of the crown. Maat wears a single ostrich feather. The Hedjet (no feathers) was used in predynastic times.

Tamarisk tree - Osiris' coffin ends up in Byblos and a tamarisk tree (shrub or small tree), grows over it. The tree is cut down and turned into a pillar (the died), and Isis gets the pillar and extracts Osiris' coffin.

I make my breads with the finest materials, including my bedja or bread molds.
picture of bedja

Hungry? Pick up your "I buy bread at the Market" graphic.

"I buy bread at the Market"


Ancient Egyptian Recipes.

Barakat, Hala. Giving life: a history of bread in Egypt.

Bethdunn. Spices of life in Ancient Egypt. (November 12, 2012, updated August 29, 2018).

Bread, the Staff of Life. (August 2003, June 2004). Available at:

Brier, Bob, and Hoyt Hobbs. (1999). Daily Life of the Ancient Egyptians. Westport, Connecticutt: Greenwood Press.

Check Out This Ancient Egyptian Dessert Recipe Found On The Walls Of A Tomb In Luxor. (May 3, 2020).

Collier, Mark, and Bill Manley. (1998). How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs: A Step-By-Step Guide to Teach Yourself. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

David, Rosalie. (1998). Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ebers Papyrus 1500 BCE.

Eng, Jess. (August 21, 2020). Recreate the Ancient Egyptian Recipes Painted on Tomb Walls.

Howard, Jane. Bread in Ancient Egypt.

Howard, Jane. Tour Egypt Feature: Bread in Ancient Egypt. Available at:

Oachs, Mitch. (2002). Ancient Egyptian Diet. Available at:

Phillips, Sarah. The Diet of the Ancient Egyptians. Available at:

Pinch, Geraldine. (2002). Handbook of Egyptian Mythology. Santa Barbara: ABC Clio.

Reisner. (1999). The Sphinx and the Pyramids: 100 Years of American Archaeology at Giza. From the Semitic Museum. Available at:

Sanders, April. (March 16, 2018).What are some of Egypt’s Dessert Dishes?

Watterson, Barbara. (1991). Women in Ancient Egypt. Phoenix Mill-Thrupps-Stroud-Gloucestershire, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing Limited.

What was Ancient Medicine Like?