Population -- Language -- Land -- Government
- Old Kingdom: 1-2 million
- New Kingdom: perhaps 5 million
- Roman Egypt: 3-5 million
- Population distribution: The main concentrations are between
Wast (Thebes) and the first cataract, the
Faiyum, and the Delta.
- Asiatics (future people will call them Canaanites and include
Israelites among them), coming at
- Libyans on the eastern Delta
- Phoenicians in Lower Egypt
- Death rate of newborns (1st year): 30%
- Mortality from 1st to 5th year: 20%
- Life expectancy at birth: 20-30 years. Probably closer to
- Life expectancy for one year old child: less than 40 years.
- Average age of adult at death: 30-40 years.
- Upper class Egyptians: maybe up to a decade more
- Women: five years less because of childbirth complications.
- Literacy rate: some say in the New Kingdom it was less than
- Sicknesses and causes of death: water-borne diseases, tuberculosis,
plague, war, malnutrition, scurvy,
anemia, famine, snakes, crocodiles, hippos, accidents. But fear
not, a future sage named Herodotus
feels we're the most healthiest of all save the Libyans!
- Afro-Asiatic Egyptian, related to Semitic, Berber, Ethiopian
Kushitic, and some languages in
Chad and the Sudan.
- Old Egyptian: Predynastic and Old Kingdom
- Middle Egyptian: Middle Kingdom, "the classical language"
- Late Egyptian: New Kingdom.
- Area: 1,001,450 square kilometers, 995,450 square kilometers
- Border Countries:
- Coastline: 2,450 kilometer
- Climate: desert. Moderate winters and hot, dry summers
- Natural resources: iron ore, limestone
- Arable land: 2.85% (21st century AD, but that means it was
really low in the New Kingdom).
- % of people who live off the land: possibly 90%
- Natural hazards:
droughts; earthquakes, flash floods, landslides, dust storms
and sandstorms, hot windstorm
(khamsin) in spring
- Government: Ruled by pharaoh.
- Major sections of government: Royal Court, Army, Religious
Hierarchy, Civil Government (Northern and Southern Tchety, Overseers
of the House of Gold [treasury]).
- Tcheties: Composed of nomarchs, then mayors, village chiefs,
Great and village Kenbets.
Brier, Bob, and Hoyt Hobbs. (1999). Daily Life of the Ancient
Egyptians. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.
Dollinger, André. (2003, June. Last Updated January
and Citizens." http://nefertiti.iwebland.com/people/citizens.htm
Dollinger, André. (2002, December. Last updated November,
May 2004). "The
People of Ancient Egypt." http://www.nefertiti.iwebland.com/people/index.html
Dunn, Jimmy. (1999-2003). "About
Egypt." Tour Egypt. InterCity Oz, Inc. http://www.touregypt.net/aboute.htm
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